Immediately the [Holy] Spirit forced Him out into the wilderness. He was in the wilderness forty days being tempted [to do evil] by Satan; and He was with the wild animals, and the angels ministered continually to Him.
There is a divine compulsion. He is driven by One whom He cannot resist. – David Wilson
This leading wasn’t a gentle one, but perhaps almost a compulsion. Jesus had been baptized and filled with the Spirit; now he must go into the desert. – Ralph Wilson
It does not mean that he was compelled forcibly against his will to go there, but that he was inclined to go there by the Spirit, or was led there. The Spirit of God, for important purposes, caused him to go. – Barnes
The forty days in the wilderness were under the direct guidance of the Holy Spirit. The entire earthly life of Jesus was bound up with the Holy Spirit from his birth to his death and resurrection. – Robertson
Into this privacy came a fierce battle, a spiritual conflict, a collision of heaven and earth, as Jesus was tempted by Satan.
This too is the manner of the Kingdom – inner compulsion. Just as surely as Jesus was “led” by the Spirit, so those who are in Him are “led by the Spirit.” In fact, those who are so “led” are said to be “the sons of God“. It is only those who are “led by the Spirit” who are “not subject to the Law“. This is a direction from within. It is not direction as with a commandment, or a set of rules. The individual’s driven by strong desire, inclination, preference, and a sanctified will. Jeremiah foretold this type of leading when he said the New Covenant would involve God putting His laws “in their inward parts,” and writing them “in their hearts” . For us, this involves a radical change – that changing is quite similar to Jesus being driven by the Spirit into the wilderness. It is a spiritual alteration that takes place within through the operation of the Holy Spirit.
Is my heart a home for the Spirit? Could the Holy Spirit be inviting me to take more quiet space? In the Bible, the ‘wilderness’ is a place of revelation and of intimacy with God. God is found in emptiness as well as in fullness. I can find Him in the emptiness of sickness and old age and disappointment and failure and solitude.
There was in Jesus nothing that responded to Satan’s sophistry. He did not consent to sin. Not even by a thought did He yield to temptation. So it may be with us. Christ’s humanity was united with divinity; He was fitted for the conflict by the indwelling of the Holy Spirit. And He came to make us partakers of the divine nature. So long as we’re united to Him by faith, sin has no more dominion over us. God reaches for the hand of faith in us to direct it to lay fast hold upon the divinity of Christ, that we may attain to perfection of character.